Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, (born March 8, 1714, Weimar, Saxe-Weimar [Germany]—died Dec. 14, 1788, Hamburg), second surviving son of J.S. Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel was the most innovative and idiosyncratic member of an extremely talented musical family. 1Henri Druart, Bach, C.P.E.Keyboard concerto in D minor H427Winterthur Musikkollegium, Bach, C.P.E.Keyboard Concerto in A minor, H403Vienna Symphonic Orchestra, Our dream: to make the world's treasury of classical music accessible for everyone. His duties called for extensive composition of sacred music, and his Hamburg works include two oratorios and a number of motets and cantatas. Bach remained in Frederick's service until 1767 as keyboard performer, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788), a German composer, keyboard performer, and theorist, was a prolific composer of vocal and instrumental music, especially for keyboard instruments. Bach, Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki), International Music Score Library Project, Wikipedia article "Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Performed by Alex Murray (flute) and Martha Goldstein (harpsichord), Performed by the Advent Chamber Orchestra with Constance Schoepflin (flute), Bach, Karl Philipp Emanuel (older German spelling), A list and critical account of his voluminous compositions may be found in the. His second name was given in honor of his godfather Georg Philipp Telemann, a friend of Johann Sebastian Bach. But by his own admission he attached the greatest importance to his instrumental music, and he continued in later years to set himself new problems in keyboard composition. A valuable recent study is Philip Barford, The Keyboard Music of C. P. E. Bach Considered in Relation to His Musical Aesthetic and the Rise of the Sonata Principle (1965). A measure of Bach's importance to the inner development of 18th-century style may be seen in the unequivocal claim by Franz Joseph Haydn that he owed a great debt, which dated from his earliest apprentice years, to the music of C. P. E. Bach; and in Beethoven's remark in a letter of 1809 that works by C. P. E. Bach "should certainly be in the possession of every true artist, not only for the sake of real enjoyment but also for the purpose of study.". 1967) and Charles Burney's account of his visit with Bach in The Present State of Music in Germany, the Netherlands, and United Provinces (1773; 2d ed. The essay also reflects Bach's preeminence as a keyboard performer, for which he was acclaimed throughout his life. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (1714-1788), a German composer, keyboard performer, and theorist, was a prolific composer of vocal and instrumental music, especially for keyboard instruments. The second surviving son of J.S. When Charles Burney visited him in Hamburg in 1773, he wrote vividly of Bach's performance on his "Silbermann clavichord, his favorite instrument, upon which he played three or four of his choicest and most difficult compositions, with the delicacy, precision, and spirit for which he is so justly celebrated. 1775). Nationality: German Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach also formerly spelled Karl Philipp Emmanuel Bach, and commonly abbreviated C. P. E. Bach, was a German Classical period musician and composer, the fifth child and second surviving son of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach. He contributed to the formation of the so-called Viennese classical style. composer, and accompanist to other members of the royal musical entourage, which included Frederick himself as flutist and a very distinguished circle of musicians. In 1738, at the age of 24, he took his degree, but at once abandoned his prospects of a legal career and determined to devote himself to music. When he was ten years old he entered the St. Thomas School at Leipzig, where his father had become cantor in 1723, and continued his education as a student of jurisprudence at the universities of Leipzig (1731) and of Frankfurt (Oder)(1735). info), Bach, C.P.E.Solfeggietto in C minorMarcelo Góes Alves da Silva, Bach, C.P.E.Prussian Sonata No.1Mark Hopwood, Bach, C.P.E.Sonata for clarinet, bassoon & keyboard No. Ottenberg, Hans-G'nter, C.P.E. His music, unlike that of his father or that of the master he influenced, Haydn, did not define an era so much as reveal a deeply personal response to the musical conventions of his time. 11, Category:Compositions by Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach: The Complete Works, Finding the Lost Manuscripts of C.P.E. All Rights Reserved. He also wrote more than 250 religious and secular songs. The best approach to the music and thought of C. P. E. Bach is through his own Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments (1753; trans. The second surviving son of Johann Sebastian Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach studied with his father and musically was the most important and influential of the sons. … ". See the, An Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments, List of compositions by Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, Piece for Mechanical Clock, H. 635, No. Bach, Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 1987. His career as a whole has been said, by E.F. Schmid, to mark a development "halfway between the world of his father and that of the Viennese classics." C.P.E. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (8 March 1714 – 14 December 1788) was a German musician and composer, the second of three sons of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach. Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach (8 March 1714 – 14 December 1788), also formerly spelled Karl Philipp Emmanuel Bach, was a German Classical period musician and composer, the fifth child and second (surviving) son of Johann Sebastian Bach and Maria Barbara Bach. The publication of his Essay on the True Art of Playing Keyboard Instruments (1753) made Bach the most renowned authority of the 18th century on keyboard pedagogy and composition; along with the treatises by Johann Joachim Quantz on the flute and by Leopold Mozart on the violin, it remains one of the principal monuments of 18th-century musical thought and practice. Other important early writings are his Autobiography (1773; trans. A few months later (armed with a recommendation by Sylvius Leopold Weiss) he obtained an appointment in the service of Frederi… Two early sets of keyboard sonatas, the "Prussian" Sonatas (1740) and the "Württemberg" Sonatas (1743), show that by the age of 30 Bach had achieved a fully mature style of composition, less rigorous in its contrapuntal organization than that of his father but with considerable power of invention and formal design and with evident stress on bringing to keyboard composition some of the intense expressivity associated mainly with vocal music; for example, the first of the 1740 Sonatas has an instrumental "recitative" as the slow movement. The principal later works in this field are his Sonatas, Fantasias, and Rondos for Connoisseurs and Amateurs, published between 1779 and 1787. 1949). After schooling at Leipzig, he took a law degree at Frankfurt an der Oder in 1735. and Maria Barbara … He moved to Berlin in 1738 and became keyboard player for the young crown prince, Frederick of Prussia, who in 1740 became King Frederick II. He contributed to the formation of the so-called Viennese classical style. In 1767 Bach moved from the court of Berlin to a position in Hamburg as director of music at the major churches of the city, and he remained in Hamburg until his death in 1788.
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