Patients with weak hearts, damaged kidneys or other failing vital organs will no longer have to wait for donors, thus saving more people. Human cloning research and techniques could subject the clone to unacceptable risks such as a shortened life, bad health or other unknown problems. In 2017, scientists in Shanghai succeeded in cloning two genetically identical long-tailed macaques, small brown and black monkeys with body lengths of 16 to 28 inches. Once the cloning technology has advanced, it will help researchers better understand genes as well as the effects of genetic constituents on our traits. Organism cloning … When looking at the major human cloning pros and cons, it is essential that we balance the need to evolve the scientific processes involved in this artificial task while addressing the ethical and moral concerns which currently exist when manually creating or changing a genome. It removes the barrier of infertility. Because cloning uses adult somatic cells, it is a process that allows anyone to have a child that is biologically their own. The ongoing quest to decipher genetic composition can benefit the most from cloning. It could lower healing and recovery times. 2. The New Atlantis: Appendix: State Laws on Human Cloning. When that happens, it is highly likely that this advancement in science will help combat genetic illnesses. Single-cell organisms like some yeasts and bacteria naturally reproduce clones of parent cells via budding or binary fission. Molecular Genetics (Biology): An Overview, National Institute of Health: National Institutes of Health Guidelines for Human Stem Cell Research, CNN: Monkey See, Monkey 2: Scientists Clone Monkeys Using Technique That Created Dolly the Sheep, The University of Edinburgh: The Life of Dolly, North Carolina State Extension: Sheep Facts, Georgetown University: Cloning Human Beings. 1. It could eliminate defective genes. The first successful animal cloning occurred over 22 years ago, after a Scottish Blackface sheep surrogate mother gave birth to Dolly on July 5, 1996, at the Roslin Institute, part of the University of Edinburgh. The average age for sheep runs between six to 12 years. However, seven states prohibit it altogether, and 10 states only allow it for biomedical research. It has the potential to create organs. Plus, there is little to no chance of complications because their own cells are used to repair any broken or damage body part. It has caused quite a stir particularly among religious sectors. There are more than 100,000 … It could increase the number of people with undesirable traits, too. These are the crucial points to review. While manipulating the cells of a human can lead to replicating good genes, it could also be used to reproduce undesirable traits. Pros of Cloning. Meanwhile, proponents of genetic manipulation believe that it could be the answer to many medical mysteries. It can foster a wrong notion about having children. 2. DNA cloning is a reproductive process that uses the genetic material of a single organism to create an offspring. Cloning is the process of creating a copy of a single cell or an entire living organism. It can save lives. This means that if a child has been cloned from a deceased person, they could live their life being compared to the other individual. The pros or advantages of human cloning include: The cons or disadvantages of human cloning raise moral, ethical and safety issues: While the purpose of cloning is to create an exact replica – if scientists cloned a human that appears identical to the original – it raises the questions as to whether the cloned human is an individual separate from the original and is due the same rights as any other human. This puts the human population in danger because some might deliberately or carelessly clone people, or even animals, with bad genes, which could equate to having more diseases, both physically and mentally. Using cloning technologies, genetic researchers would have a better understanding of the composition of genes and the effects of genetic constituents on human traits. The Pros of Human Cloning. Cloning is the process of creating a copy of a biological entity. Cloning is believed by many to be the answer people with failing organs have been waiting for. In return, however, the advantages of cloning are also quite apparent: human cloning could very well lead to faster medical cures, a better overall qu… Though genetic … 1. She graduated from San Diego's Coleman College in 1972. Genetic illnesses are not a leading killer of people today, but they could be in the near future. One of the great ethical debates of our era is the subject of human cloning. The process of cloning could also be used to repair or grow new cells to replace damaged or missing ones, which could treat illnesses and genetic disorders. As humans continually reproduce, damage to their DNA … These Pros and Cons of Cloning are Both Fascinating and Scary. That way, you can determine whether you are for it or against it. It could also mean making everyone on earth looking the same. Since people can leave cells anywhere, it could be used by unscrupulous individuals for the wrong purposes. Her stint as Manager of the California State Mining and Mineral Museum in California's gold country served to deepen her interest in science which she now fulfills by writing for online science websites. 3. In other words, scientists and researchers can replicate cells that are necessary for a research without sacrificing humans or animals for testing. 3. Plus, humans with the same DNA could produce children with defects due to bad breeding. List of Therapeutic Cloning Pros. By weighing out all the pros and cons, people can find a middle ground to make genetic manipulation a truly beneficial discovery. Here are the pros and cons of cloning humans and other creatures to help you develop an educated decision in the end. Introduction This report is about cloning and genetic engineering. Creating identical genes could mean a lack of diversity among humans. Help to Eliminate Defective/Weak Genes. Cloning has been one of the most controversial topics around the world. It can help in genetic research. If you are on the fence about genetic cloning, it helps to know its pros and cons. Here are some of the pros and cons of therapeutic cloning to consider when evaluating this practice. Johns Hopkins University: Ask an Expert: How Close Are We to Cloning Humans? Human cloning creates questions about the soul, the role of God in society, and even the quality of life that a cloned person would have. List of Pros of Cloning Humans. Kofi Annan: Importance of Youth Leadership, Youth Leadership in Community Development, Taking Youth Leadership to the Next Level, How We Are Helping Chinese Disabled Youth, Front Loading Washing Machines Pros and Cons List, Flat Organisational Structure Pros and Cons List, 22 Good Songs for 18th Birthday Slideshow, 23 Bible Verses About Death Of a Grandmother, 42 Good Songs for 70th Birthday Slideshow, 34 Good Songs for 40th Birthday Slideshow, 19 Primary Pros and Cons of Legalizing Weed, 32 Good Songs for Moms Birthday Slideshow. Though genetically identical, cloned humans are technically due the same rights of any human. Reproductive cloning produces copies of whole animals. Clones of terrorists, serial killers and other criminals could be made to carry out evildoings. The Pros And Cons Of Cloning And Genetic Engineering 1008 Words | 5 Pages. As a journalist and editor for several years, Laurie Brenner has covered many topics in her writings, but science is one of her first loves. It aims to raise awareness about cloning and genetic engineering allowing people to understand better about it through the information provided. Cloned children could live in the shadow of the genetic donor. This is because opponents who feel that genetic cloning is morally wrong believe that the scientists behind this advancement are playing gods. And because your own organs will be cloned, minus the faulty parts, there is a higher chance of success upon transplant. The last successful cloning of a primate was in 1998, but scientists have also cloned about 20 different types of animals including dogs, pigs, frogs, mice, cows and rabbits since the first cloned animal in 1996. In genetics, it refers to the process of making an identical copy of the DNA … Cloned from a six-year-old Dorset sheep, scientists analyzed her DNA at her first birthday and discovered that the telomeres at the end of her DNA strands (think eraser on a pencil head) were shorter that they should be for her age. 1. The definition of a clone as explained by Encyclopaedia Britannica is a cell or living thing, an organism, that is "genetically identical to the original cell or organism" from which it comes. Genetic manipulation can customize organisms to suit the purposes of a particular research. The word itself comes from the ancient Greek word "klon," which means twig. If you are on the fence about genetic cloning, it helps to know its pros and cons. Many countries disallow reproductive cloning because of these questions, but some do allow research. Individual body cells within plants and animals are clones that occur during a cell-reproduction process called mitosis. 4. 1. As far as anyone really knows, scientists have yet to clone a human being, and there are no federal laws against it in the United State.
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