Bouquet of Flowers in a Japanese Vase, c.1905-08 (oil on canvas), Odilon Redon / Pola Museum of Art, Kanagawa, Japan. Odilon Redon (born Bertrand-Jean Redon; April 20, 1840, Bordeaux – July 6, 1916, Paris) was a French painter and draughtsman. Odilon Redon, or The Eye Like a Strange Balloon Mounts Toward Infinity, "Odilon Redon: How Louisiana ancestry influenced his Symbolist art", City of Bordeaux, Extract from the register of birth records for the year 1840, from Odilon Redon's Légion of Honor File, "The Fitzwilliam Museum - Home | Online Resources | Online Exhibitions | Redon | About Odilon Redon | Childhood and Early Career", "Odilon Redon (1840-1916) | Vase au guerrier japonais | IMPRESSIONIST & MODERN ART Auction | 20th Century, Drawings & Watercolors | Christie's", "Odilon Redon | Press Images - Fondation Beyeler", "Musée d'Orsay: Odilon Redon Baroness Robert de Domecy", "Sotheby's Impressionist & Modern Art Evening Sale", "Odilon Redon: La littérature et la musique;", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Odilon_Redon&oldid=990026049, French military personnel of the Franco-Prussian War, Pages using infobox artist with unknown parameters, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with KULTURNAV identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Léonore identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TePapa identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 10:44. Fifteen of them are located today in the Musée d'Orsay, acquisitioned in 1988. Influences: Odilon Redon. These drawings defied classification; unheeding, for the most part, of the limitations of painting, they ushered in a very special type of the fantastic, one born of sickness and delirium. Still, Redon remained relatively unknown until the appearance in 1884 of a cult novel by Joris-Karl Huysmans titled À rebours (Against Nature). Redon, Odilon, and Raphaël Bouvier (2014). Growing out of a square planter - a symbol of Western culture and containment - Redon's hybrid man-plant can thus be understood as an attempt to reconcile the two poles of human existence, nature and culture, wild and civilized. His nickname was a derivation of his mother's first name, Odile, who was a French Creole woman from Louisiana. Content compiled and written by Rebecca Seiferle, Edited and published by The Art Story Contributors, "the only aim of my art is to produce within the spectator a sort of diffuse but powerful affinity with the obscure world of the indeterminate. Well, who was he? He began the formal study of drawing at fifteen but, at his father's insistence, he changed to architecture. They place us, as does music, in the ambiguous realm of the undetermined. In the lower left, the fronds of a palm-like plant can be seen, and the sky is full of thick clouds. [Internet]. With its realistic depiction of dreamlike imagery, The Guardian Spirit of the Waters anticipates 20th-century Surrealism.  According to Surrealist André Masson, his use of excessively bright colours in his flower pastels, as well as his choice of depicting uncommon or imaginary species renders his works "released from stylized naturalism", thus demonstrating the "endless possibilities of lyrical chromatics".. While Redon's depictions of "monsters" - often hybrid human-plant or human-animal creatures - were the product of his vivid imagination, they also owed a great deal to his knowledge of the natural sciences, and especially new theories of evolution put forth by Charles Darwin, which for the first time established a connection between humans and our animal ancestors. A large head held aloft by wings floats above a tranquil sea, gazing upon a small sailboat with enormously expressive eyes. In 1903 Redon was awarded the Legion of Honor. ", "My originality consists in bringing to life, in a human way, improbable beings and making them live according to the laws and probability, by putting - as far as possible - the logic of the visible at the service of the invisible. The artist employed wiping, stumping, incising and added touches of chalk on cream-colored treated paper, and often allowed untouched areas of the sheet to shine through for highlights. He started gaining recognition after his drawings were mentioned in the 1884 novel À rebours by Joris-Karl Huysmans. His work is considered a precursor to both Dadaism and Surrealism. ", "With pastel I have recovered the hope of giving my dreams greater plasticity...Colors contain a joy which relaxes me; besides, they sway me toward something different and new.". They held, between their gold-edged frames of unpolished pearwood, undreamed-of images: a Merovingian-type head, resting upon a cup; a bearded man, reminiscent both of a Buddhist priest and a public orator, touching an enormous cannon-ball with his finger; a spider with a human face lodged in the centre of its body.
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